Acquiring citizenship

Acquiring citizenship

Sadly my pursuit of an Irish passport has hit a brick wall. My notes on this page, are about how to get an alternative EU passport, and point at a white paper looking at global law. ….


Obvious, there is no residency nor a language qualification for Ireland, partly because of the Good Friday agreement.

Before applying for a passport I need to establish Irish citizenship rights, on this page. and this page, by registering a foreign birth. For this I need the Birth and Death certificates of Granda Frank which I can’t find.

Adult applicant applying on the basis of an Irish born Grandparent

Documents relating to the applicant (unless stated, originals must be submitted):

  • Completed, signed and witnessed application form (see list of witnesses at 1 above)
  • Original civil birth certificate (showing parental details)
  • Original civil marriage certificate (if applicable) OR other change of name document (if applicable)
  • Photocopy of current state-issued ID document (i.e. passport, drivers licence, national identity card) certified as a true copy of the original by application form witness
  • 2 separate original proofs of address
  • 4 colour photographs (2 of which to be witnessed) – do not attach these to the application form

Documents relating to the grandparent born in Ireland (unless stated, originals must be submitted):

  • Original civil birth certificate of Irish born grandparent (showing parental details)
  • Original civil marriage certificate of Irish born grandparent (if applicable) OR other change of name document (if applicable)
  • Photocopy of current state-issued ID document (i.e. passport, drivers licence, national identity card) certified as a true copy of the original by a professional from the list of witnesses OR original civil death certificate (if applicable)


They do not require a language skill, but do require a blood line to Lithuanian residency. I have a great grand father born in Lithuania and they are developing law to allow recognition of expatriates but I think he died too early, 1923, if he’d lasted like his wife to 1943 it might be game on except Lithuania is not very keen on dual nationality. Lithuania uses the Euro.

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They require one to have resided in Estonia legally for at least eight years and, of that, have spent the last five years with permanent residence in Estonia. Be familiar with the Estonian language. Take an examination demonstrating familiarity with the Estonian Constitution. Show a demonstrated means of support and take an oath of loyalty. Dual Nationality is not permitted.  They have an e-residency scheme, which seems to be more of a company registration scheme, rather than a personal application and acquisition of privileges.


The Germans have laws that allow those deprived of citizenship by the Nazi’s can reclaim it, and so can their descendants.



Citizenship as inherited property

I came across this, “Citizenship as Inherited Property”, Ayelet Shachar and Ran Hirschl Political Theory, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Jun., 2007), pp. 253-287 (35 pages) Published By: Sage Publications, Inc.

The global distributive implications of automatically allocating political membership according to territoriality (jus soli) and parentage (jus sanguinis) principles have largely escaped critical scrutiny. This article begins to address this considerable gap. Securing membership status in a given state or region–with its specific level of wealth, degree of stability, and human rights record–is a crucial factor in the determination of life chances. However, birthright entitlements still dominate both our imagination and our laws in the allotment of political membership to a given state. In this article we explore the striking conceptual and legal similarities between intergenerational transfers of citizenship and property. The analogy between inherited citizenship and the intergenerational transfer of property allows us to use existing qualifications found in the realm of inheritance as a model for imposing restrictions on the unlimited and perpetual transmission of membership–with the aim of ameliorating its most glaring opportunity inequalities.


To me the importance of Jus Soli and Jus Sanguinis, you can see these in today’s laws, although it seems that marriage is being excluded as a means of acquiring nationality.

See also

I wrote this, Citizenship, about right to remain in the UK and voting rights.

Comments ( 2 )

  1. Family Tree |
    […] Acquiring citizenship […]
  2. ReplyAuthorDave
    I added the note about Shachar and Hirschl's paper today.

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